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General Information

The Global Malnutrition Composite Score (GMCS) electronic clinical quality measure (eCQM), stewarded by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, assesses the percentage of hospitalizations for adults aged 65 years and older prior to the start of the measurement period with a length of stay equal to or greater than 24 hours who received optimal malnutrition care during the current inpatient hospitalizations where care performed was appropriate to the patient's level of malnutrition risk and severity. 

The GMCS is the first nutrition-focused quality measure to be included in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program in the FY 2023 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Final Rule. It was also endorsed by unanimous vote of the National Quality Forum (NQF) Consensus Standards Approval Committee (CSAC) in 2021.

The GMCS incentivizes screening all older adults for malnutrition risk at hospital admission, assessing those found to be malnourished and at risk for malnutrition, documenting diagnosed malnutrition, and developing a nutrition care plan with implementing intervention and treatment before discharge which then follows patients as they transition to the next point of care setting.



Implementation Specifics

The table below lists the GMCS with the assigned NQF and CMS number and the downloadable specification file. Included is an HTML file detailing the measure specification, two XML files coded for hospital adoption into an electronic health record system, and an excel spreadsheet with corresponding informatics value sets.

National Quality Forum (NQF) Number

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Number

Electronic Clinical Quality Measure (eCQM)

eMeasure Specification — HTML

eMeasure/eMeasure Simple — XML

Informatics Value Set

NQF #3592e


Global Malnutrition Composite Score


Measure XML File

Value Sets



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